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Cover Story
Geronimo: Apache Shaman
By Edwin R. Sweeney
Best known for raiding settlers and eluding the U.S. Army, the legendary Chiricahua warrior also possessed supernatural power as a healer

The Buffalo Soldiers Who Rode Bikes
By David McCormick
When Lieutenant James Moss told his 20 buffalo soldiers to mount up for the trek from Missoula, Mont., to St. Louis, they climbed up on bicycle seats instead of saddles

Major Llewellyn: In Good Company
By R.K. DeArment
The lawman and Indian agent counted among his friends Theodore Roosevelt, Pat Garrett, Boone May and James L. “Whispering” Smith

Death of Deadwood’s China Doll
By Jerry Bryant and Bill Markley
What brought the beautiful Chinese woman Di Lee to rough-and-tumble Deadwood is a mystery—but not nearly as mysterious or unsettling as her brutal murder in 1877

Minding the Mines
Pictorial by Bob Stinson
The Western mining heyday is long gone, and not everything panned out, but travelers can still get a rush by visiting these mines that have been turned into Wild West attractions


Editor’s Letter


Author Edwin R. Sweeney’s Top 10 Chiricahua Apaches of the 19th century, Buffalo Bill in Scotland, Billy the Kid in Jeopardy, a Lakota burial, Russell Means’ death, a film called Hardin and The Rifleman’s Johnny Crawford

By Johnny D. Boggs
Paul Magid’s fascination with General George Crook has won him a 2012 Western Writers of America Spur Award for best Western nonfiction biography. And he’s hard at work on Vol. II

Beginning in 1881 tourists at Yosemite could ride a stagecoach through a tunneled-out sequoia

Gunfighters and Lawmen
By Les Kruger
The Butler ranching family had trouble with flying lead when they went to town, namely Helena, Texas—but the fight of their life came in nearby Daileyville

Pioneers and Settlers
By Carole Nielson
Settlers in Oregon’s Rogue Valley threatened to tar and feather or even lynch John Beeson for his outspoken advocacy of Indian rights

Indian Life
By John Koster
His boyhood name was Plenty Kill, but when a student at the Indian school in Carlisle, Pa., he went by the less-menacing name Standing Bear


Art of the West
By Johnny D. Boggs
Raised on a ranch in eastern New Mexico, sculptor Curtis Fort is best known for his cowboy scenes, but Return of the Hunters focuses on Plains Indians

Western Enterprise
By Kim Mariette
Funerals in the frontier West were usually simple affairs, but with the arrival of the hearse, the business of death made for a pretty decent living

Ghost Towns
By Les Kruger
Travelers between San Antonio and Goliad once found plenty of supplies and sometimes a little trouble in Helena, Texas

By Linda Wommack
In the shadow of St. Louis’ Gateway Arch, the Museum of Westward Expansion opens a door on the early Western experience

Guns of the West
By Lee A. Silva
On April 3, 1855, Rollin White secured a U.S. patent for the newfangled cartridge revolver, and the firearms industry was soon up in arms

Author Edwin R. Sweeney assesses Geronimo books and movies through the years, plus reviews of recent books, including preeminent historian Robert Utley’s biography Geronimo

Go West!
Utah’s heaven-sent Little Cottonwood Canyon


On the Cover: A. Frank Randall took this photograph (later colorized) of Geronimo holding a Springfield carbine at the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation in Arizona Territory in 1884. (Image: ©Bettmann/Corbis)


Discussion: Geronimo was a shaman as well as a war leader and perhaps the most famous of all American Indians, yet Apache authority Edwin Sweeney places him only No. 10 in his rankings of the most important Chiricahua Apaches of the 19th century. Where does Geronimo rate on your all-American Indian list?

Miles, Gatewood and Geronimo
In the feature “General Nelson Miles and the Expedition to Capture Geronimo,” award-winning author Louis Kraft reveals how much Miles relied on Lieutenant Charles Gatewood to help complete the dangerous mission

Buffalo Soldiers in Utah Territory
When Major Frederick Benteen and 75 buffalo soldiers arrived in Utah Territory in August 1886, the white soldiers already there, fearing a Ute attack, welcomed the reinforcements