Today in History: April 22 | HistoryNet

Today in History: April 22

What Happened This Day In History.

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

April 22

296   St. Gaius ends his reign as Catholic Pope.
536   St. Agapitus I ends his reign as Catholic Pope.
1500   Pedro Alvarez Cabral discovers Brazil.
1509   Henry VIII ascends to the throne of England upon the death of his father, Henry VII.
1529   Spain and Portugal divide the eastern hemisphere in the Treaty of Saragossa.
1745   The Peace of Fussen is signed.
1792   President George Washington proclaims American neutrality in the war in Europe.
1861   Robert E. Lee is named commander of Virginia forces.
1889   The Oklahoma land rush officially starts at noon as thousands of Americans race for new, unclaimed land.
1898   In the first action of the Spanish-American War, the USS Nashville, takes on a Spanish ship.
1915   The use of poison gas in World War I escalates when chlorine gas is used as a chemical weapon by the Germans in the Second Battle of Ypres. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1918   British naval forces attempt to sink block-ships in the German U-boat bases at the Battle of Zeebrugge.
1931   Egypt signs treaty of friendship with Iraq.
1944   Allies launch major attack against the Japanese in Hollandia, New Guinea.
1954   The Senate Army-McCarthy hearings begin. They are broadcast on television.
1955   Congress orders all U.S. coins to bear the motto “In God We Trust.”
1976   Barbara Walters becomes the first female nightly news anchor on network television.
1995   In Africa, Rwandan troops kill thousands of Hutu refugees in Kibeho.
Born on April 22
1451   Isabella I of Castile, Queen of Spain, patron of Christopher Columbus.
1707   Henry Fielding, English novelist (Tom Jones).
1724   Immanuel Kant, German philosopher.
1870   Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov), leader of the Bolshevik Revolution (1917) and first head of the U.S.S.R.
1873   Ellen Glasgow, American novelist.
1876   Ole Edvart Rolvaag, novelist (Giants in the Earth).
1899   Vladimir Nabokov, Russian novelist (Lolita).
1904   J. Robert Oppenheimer, physicist, director of the Manhattan Project.
1916   Yehudi Menuhin, violinist.
1918   Robert Wadlow, the world’s tallest man (8’11.1″).
1922   Charles Mingus, jazz bassist.
1943   Louise Gluck, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet.