Today in History: April 16 | HistoryNet MENU

Today in History: April 16

What Happened This Day In History.

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

April 16

1457 BC   Egyptian forces of Pharaoh Thutmose III defeat a Canaanite coalition under the King of Kadesh at the Battle of Megiddo, the first in recorded history. [From MHQ–The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
69   Defeated by Vitellius’ troops at Bedriacum, Otho commits suicide.
556   Pelagius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope.
1065   The Norman Robert Guiscard takes Bari, ending five centuries of Byzantine rule in southern Italy.
1705   Queen Anne of England knights Isaac Newton.
1746   Prince Charles is defeated at the Battle of Culloden, the last pitched battle fought in Britain.
1818   The U.S. Senate ratifies the Rush-Bagot amendment to form an unarmed U.S.-Canada border.
1854   San Salvador is destroyed by an earthquake.
1862   Confederate President Jefferson Davis approves a conscription act for white males between 18 and 35.
1862   Slavery is abolished in the District of Columbia.
1917   Vladimir Lenin returns to Russia to start the Bolshevik Revolution.
1922   Annie Oakley shoots 100 clay targets in a row, setting a woman’s record.
1942   The Island of Malta is awarded the George Cross in recognition for heroism under constant German air attack. It was the first such award given to any part of the British Commonwealth.
1945   The destroyer USS Laffey survives horrific damage from attacks by 22 Japanese aircraft off Okinawa, earning the nickname “The Ship That Would Not Die.”
1945   American troops enter Nuremberg, Germany.
1947   A lens which provides zoom effects is demonstrated in New York City.
1968   The Pentagon announces the “Vietnamization” of the war.
1972   Two giants pandas arrive in the U.S. from China.
Born on April 16
1660   Hans Sloane, physician, naturalist, founder of the British Museum.
1728   Joseph Black, Scottish chemist and physicist.
1786   Sir John Franklin, arctic explorer.
1800   George Charles Bingham, British soldier, commanded the Light Brigade during the famous charge.
1844   Anatole France, French writer.
1850   Thomas Sidney Gilchrist, British metallurgist and inventor.
1864   Flora Batson, African-American soprano-baritone singer.
1867   Wilbur Wright, designer, builder and flyer of the first airplane.
1871   John Millington Synge, dramatist and poet (Playboy of the Western World).
1889   Charlie Chaplin, film actor and director.
1919   Merce Cunningham, American dancer and choreographer.
1922   Kingsley Amis, British author (Lucky Jim).
1924   Henry Mancini, composer and conductor (“Moon River”).
1947   Lew Alcinder (Kareem Abdul-Jabbar), professional basketball player.