Today in History: May 10

Today in History: May 10

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1285

Philip III of Spain is succeeded by Philip IV ("the Fair").

1503

Christopher Columbus discovers the Cayman Islands.

1676

Bacon's Rebellion begins in the New World.

1773

To keep the troubled East India Company afloat, Parliament passes the Tea Act, taxing all tea in the American colonies.

1774

Louis XVI succeeds his father Louis XV as King of France.

1775

American troops capture Fort Ticonderoga from the British.

1794

Elizabeth, the sister of King Louis XVI, is beheaded.

1796

Napoleon Bonaparte wins a brilliant victory against the Austrians at Lodi bridge in Italy.

1840

Mormon leader Joseph Smith moves his band of followers to Illinois to escape the hostilities they experienced in Missouri.

1857

The Bengal Army in India revolts against the British.

1859

French emperor Napoleon III leaves Paris to join his troops preparing to battle the Austrian army in Northern Italy.

1865

Union cavalry troops capture Confederate President Jefferson Davis near Irvinville, Georgia.

1869

The Central Pacific and Union Pacific railroads meet in Promontory, Utah.

1872

Victoria Woodhull becomes first the woman nominated for U.S. president.

1917

Allied ships get destroyer escorts to fend off German attacks in the Atlantic.

1924

J. Edgar Hoover is appointed head of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

1928

WGY-TV in Schenectady, New York, begins regular television programming.

1933

Nazis begin burning books by "unGerman" writers such as Heinrich Mann and Erich Maria Remarque, author of All Quiet on the Western Front.

1940

Winston Churchill succeeds Neville Chamberlain as British Prime Minister.

1940

German forces begin a blitzkrieg of the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg, skirting France's "impenetrable" Maginot Line.

1941

England's House of Commons is destroyed during the worst of the London Blitz: 550 German bombers drop 100,000 incendiary bombs.

1960

The USS Nautilus completes the first circumnavigation of the globe underwater.

1994

Nelson Mandela is sworn in as South Africa's first black president.