Today in History: March 21

Today in History: March 21

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March 20 March 22

0630

Heraclius restores the True Cross, which he has recaptured from the Persians.

1556

Thomas Cranmer, the Archbishop of Canterbury, is burned at the stake at Oxford after retracting the last of seven recantations that same day.

1617

Pocahontas (Rebecca Rolfe) dies of either small pox or pneumonia while in England with her husband, John Rolfe.

1788

Almost the entire city of New Orleans, Louisiana, is destroyed by fire.

1806

Lewis and Clark begin their trip home after an 8,000 mile trek of the Mississippi basin and the Pacific Coast.

1851

Emperor Tu Duc orders that Christian priests are to put to death.

1858

British forces in India lift the siege of Lucknow, ending the Indian Mutiny.

1865

The Battle of Bentonville, N.C. ends, marking the last Confederate attempt to stop Union General William Sherman.

1906

Ohio passes a law that prohibits hazing by fraternities.

1908

Frenchman Henri Farman carries a passenger in a bi-plane for the first time.

1910

The U.S. Senate grants ex-President Teddy Roosevelt an annual pension of $10,000.

1918

The Germans launch the 'Michael' offensive, better remembered as the First Battle of the Somme.

1928

President Calvin Coolidge presents the Congressional Medal of Honor to Charles Lindbergh, a captain in the US Army Air Corps Reserve, for making the first solo trans-Atlantic flight. On June 11, 1927, Lindbergh had received the first Distinguished Flying Cross ever awarded.

1939

Singer Kate Smith records "God Bless America" for Victor Records.

1941

The last Italian post in East Libya, North Africa, falls to the British.

1951

Secretary of Defense George C. Marshall reports that the U.S. military has doubled to 2.9 million since the start of the Korean War.

1963

Alcatraz Island, the federal penitentiary in San Francisco Bay, California, closes.

1965

The United States launches Ranger 9, last in a series of unmanned lunar explorations.

1971

Two U.S. platoons in Vietnam refuse their orders to advance.

1975

As North Vietnamese forces advance, Hue and other northern towns in South Vietnam are evacuated.

1980

President Jimmy Carter announces to the U.S. Olympic Team that they will not participate in the 1980 Summer Games in Moscow as a boycott against Soviet intervention in Afghanistan.

1984

A Soviet submarine crashes into the USS Kitty Hawk off the coast of Japan.