Frederick Barbarossa drowns in a river while leading an army of the Third Crusade.
The Continental Congress appoints a committee to write a Declaration of Independence.
Dorothea Dix is appointed superintendent of female nurses for the Union army.
At the Battle of Brice's Crossroads in Mississippi, Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest defeats the numerically superior Union troops.
U.S. Marines land in Cuba.
Japan and Russia agree to peace talks brokered by President Theodore Roosevelt.
An SOS signal is transmitted for the first time in an emergency when the Cunard liner SS Slavonia is wrecked off the Azores.
Mecca, under control of the Turks, falls to the Arabs during the Great Arab Revolt.
The Republican convention in Chicago endorses women's suffrage.
The Italian socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti is kidnapped and assassinated by Fascists in Rome.
Germany razes the town of Lidice, Czechoslovakia and kills more than 1,300 citizens in retribution of the murder of Reinhard Heydrich.
The news that the sound barrier has been broken is finally released to the public by the U.S. Air Force. Chuck Yeager, piloting the rocket airplane X-1, exceeded the speed of sound on October 14, 1947.
Buddhist monk Ngo Quang Duc dies by self immolation in Saigon to protest persecution by the Diem government.
A 15-man group of special forces troops begin training for Operation Kingpin, a POW rescue mission in North Vietnam.