Congress passes the Judiciary Act of 1789, establishing a strong federal court system with the powers it needs to ensure the supremacy of the Constitution and federal law. The new Supreme Court will have a chief justice and five associate justices.
Branwell Bronte, the brother of the Bronte sisters and the model for Hindley Earnshaw in Emily's novel Wuthering Heights, dies of tuberculosis. Emily and Anne die the same year.
President Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus against anyone suspected of being a Southern sympathizer.
In the Alsace-Lorraine area between France and Germany, the German Army captures St. Mihiel.
The first flight using only instruments is completed by U.S. Army pilot James Doolittle.
Noel Coward's comedy Private Lives opens in London starring Gertrude Lawrence and Coward himself.
The World Women's Party meets for the first time since World War II.
The University of Mississippi agrees to admit James Meredith as the first black university student, sparking more rioting.
The "Chicago Eight," charged with conspiracy and crossing state lines with the intent to incite a riot, go on trial for their part in the mayhem during the 1968 Democratic Party National Convention in the "Windy City."
CompuServe (CIS) offers one of the first online services to consumers; it will dominate among Internet service providers for consumers through the mid-1990s.
Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty signed by representatives of 71 nations at the UN; at present, five key nations have signed but not ratified it and three others have not signed.
Hurricane Rita, the 4th-most intense Atlantic hurricane ever recorded, comes ashore in Texas causing extensive damage there and in Louisiana, which had devastated by Hurricane Katrina less than a month earlier.