Zangi of the Near East is murdered. The Sultan Nur ad-Din, his son, pursues the conquest of Edessa.
Henry VIII's forces take Boulogne, France.
Russian forces under Aleksandr Suvorov successfully storm a Turkish fort at Hirsov, Turkey.
Francis Scott Key writes the words to the "Star Spangled Banner" as he waits aboard a British launch in the Chesapeake Bay for the outcome of the British assault on Fort McHenry during the War of 1812.
U.S. forces under Gen. Winfield Scott capture Mexico City, virtually bringing the two-year Mexican War to a close.
Russian Premier Pyotr Stolypin is mortally wounded in an assassination attempt at the Kiev opera house.
Operation Attleboro, designed as a training exercise for American troops, becomes a month-long struggle against the Viet Cong.
Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton becomes the first native-born American saint in the Roman Catholic Church.
Nur Muhammad Taraki, president and former prime minister of Afghanistan, is assassinated in a coup in which prime minister Hafizullah Amin seizes power.
Bachir Gemayel, president-elect of Lebanon, is killed along with 26 others in a bomb blast in Beirut.
Joe Kittinger, a former USAF fighter pilot during the Vietnam War, becomes the first person to pilot a gas balloon solo across the Atlantic Ocean.
Major League Baseball players strike over a salary cap and other proposed changes, forcing the cancellation of the entire postseason and the World Series.