American revolutionary hero Patrick Henry, while addressing the House of Burgesses, declares "give me liberty, or give me death!"
Etta Palm, a Dutch champion of woman's rights, sets up a group of women's clubs called the Confederation of the Friends of Truth.
Elisha Otis installs the first modern passenger elevator in a public building, at the corner of Broome Street and Broadway in New York City.
Eleazer A. Gardner of Philadelphia patents the cable street car, which runs on overhead cables.
Confederate General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson faces his only defeat at the Battle of Kernstown, Va
John Stevens of Neenah, Wis., patents the grain crushing mill. This mill allows flour production to increase by 70 percent.
The Wright brothers obtain an airplane patent.
Theodore Roosevelt begins an African safari sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and National Geographic Society.
British Lt. Ernest Shackleton finds the magnetic South Pole.
Great Britain denounces the United States because of its delay in joining the League of Nations.
The Reichstag gives Adolf Hitler the power to rule by decree.
U.S. paratroopers descend from flying boxcars in a surprise attack in Korea.
Pakistan becomes the first Islamic republic, although it is still within the British Commonwealth.