The Peace of Nystad ends the Second Northern War between Sweden and Russia, giving Russia considerably more power in the Baltic region.
Nazi leader Hermann Goering is elected president of the Reichstag.
Ploesti, the center of the Rumanian oil industry, falls to Soviet troops.
President John F. Kennedy appoints General Lucius D. Clay as his personal representative in Berlin.
US Senate confirms Thurgood Marshall as first African-American Supreme Court justice.
First recorded instance of a comet (Howard-Koomur-Michels) hitting the sun; the energy released is equal to approximately 1 million hydrogen bombs.
Yasser Arafat, leader of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) forced out of Lebanon after 10 years in Beirut during Lebanese Civil War.
Lieutenant Colonel Guion S. Bluford, Jr., becomes the first African-American astronaut to travel in space.