By the Treaty of Abo, Sweden cedes southeast Finland to Russia, ending Sweden's failed war with Russia.
Napoleon Bonaparte's army defeats the Russians at the Battle of Smolensk during the Russian retreat to Moscow.
The first steam ship to cross the Atlantic entirely on its own power, the Canadian ship Royal William, begins her journey from Nova Scotia to The Isle of Wight.
Union gunboats attack Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina, for the first time.
Marine Raiders attack Makin Island in the Gilbert Islands from two submarines.
The mayor of Paris, Pierre Charles Tattinger, meets with the German commander Dietrich von Choltitz to protest the explosives being deployed throughout the city.
Upon hearing confirmation that Japan has surrendered, Sukarno proclaims Indonesia's independence.
American Francis Gary Powers pleads guilty at his Moscow trial for spying over the Soviet Union in a U-2 plane.
Pakistani President Zia-ul-Haq is killed in an airplane crash suspected of being an assassination.
President Bill Clinton admits to the American public that he had affair with White House intern Monica Lewinsky.
Israel begins the first forced evacuation of Israeli settlers from the Gaza Strip and northern West Bank, as part of a unilateral disengagement plan.