Hugh O'Neill, the Earl of Tyrone, leads an Irish force to victory over the British at Battle of Yellow Ford.
Frederick II defeats the Austrians at the Battle of Liegnitz.
American comedian and "cowboy philosopher" Will Rogers dies in an airplane accident, along with American aviation pioneer Wiley Post.
The Japanese submarine I-25 departs Japan with a floatplane in its hold which will be assembled upon arriving off the West Coast of the United States, and used to bomb U.S. forests.
American, British and French forces land on the southern coast of France, between Toulon and Cannes, in Operation Dragoon.
Two U.S. divisions are badly mauled by the North Korean Army at the Battle of the Bowling Alley in South Korea, which rages on for five more days.
US President Richard Nixon announces a 90-day freeze on wages and prices in an attempt to halt rapid inflation.
Ignoring objections from President Ronald Reagan's Administration, US Senate approves economic sanctions against South Africa to protest that country's apartheid policies.
US Social Security Administration, previously part of the Department of Health and Human Services, becomes an independent government agency.
Astronomers announce the first solar system discovered outside our own; two planets had been found orbiting a star in the Big Dipper.