20th - 21st Century Archives| HistoryNet

20th – 21st Century

  • Aviation History Magazine

    Forgotten First Flight Across the South Atlantic

    It took three floatplanes and 79 days, but a pair of Portuguese airmen succeeded in crossing the South Atlantic by air five years before Lindbergh’s famous flight...

  • World War II Magazine

    Surprised Outside Strass

    An unexpected encounter with an enemy outpost on the fringes of the Hürtgen Forest taught a young infantry lieutenant a costly lesson about the confusion and carnage of infantry combat. On December 16, 1944, the German army crashed...

  • World War II Magazine

    Commands: French 2nd Armored Division

    DESIGNATION: French 2nd Armored Division ACTIVATION: August 24, 1943 CAMPAIGNS: France and Germany As part of its efforts to revive the French military following the disaster of 1940, the United States equipped 19 French air squadrons and...

  • World War II Magazine

    A Pilot’s War on the Ground

    “Major Underwood?” the sergeant inquired of the officer sitting in the jeep outside IX Corps headquarters. The relentless pounding of Allied artillery against German forces in the Metz pocket echoed in the distance. “You found...

  • World War II Magazine

    Star-Crossed Translator

    Chief ship’s clerk H.L. Bryant, the yeoman of the U.S. Navy’s Translation and Dissemination Section, OP-20-GZ, finished logging the sheaf of newly decoded messages and looked around the desk-filled room, trying to catch the eye of one...

  • World War II Magazine

    Commands: 2/9 Australian Imperial Forces Battalion

    DESIGNATION: 2/9 Australian Imperial Forces Battalion ACTIVATION: September 1939 CAMPAIGNS: North Africa 1941, Southwest Pacific 1942-45, Liberation of Australian New Guinea 1943-45, Borneo 1945 Following quickly on the heels of their...

  • World War II Magazine

    One Man’s War: Walter B. Shambarger

    NAME: Walter B. Shambarger DATE ENTERED SERVICE: October 8, 1942 CAMPAIGNS: Normandy, Northern France DECORATIONS: Air Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster Walter Shambarger was in his third year at Ohio’s Bowling Green State University when he...

  • World War II Magazine

    WWII Letters from Readers- April 2006

    MURMANSK MEMORIES I feel compelled to write you concerning the article “A Most Creditable Action,” in the November 2005 issue, describing Royal Navy Captain Robert St. Vincent Sherbrooke and his command of convoy escorts on the...

  • World War II Magazine

    WWII Book Review: A World at Total War

    A World at Total War: Global Conflict and the Politics of Destruction, 1937-1945 Edited by Roger Chickering, Stig Förster and Bernd Greiner; Cambridge University Press, 2005, $70. This collection of articles is the latest in a series....

  • World War II Magazine

    WWII Book Review: The War Comes to Plum Street

    The War Comes to Plum Street by Bruce C. Smith; Indiana University Press, Bloomington, 2005, $29.95. The war comes to Plum Street details the impact World War II had upon New Castle, Indiana, and in particular on the four daughters of the...

  • World War II Magazine

    The Beetle in Battle

    No present-day company is more a product of military might than Volkswagen. On May 26, 1938, just outside the new town of Fallersleben in lower Saxony, Adolf Hitler spoke at a cornerstone dedication ceremony for a new factory. The factory,...

  • World War II Magazine

    One Man’s War: Cliff Bennett

    NAME: Cliff Bennett DATE ENTERED SERVICE: April 2, 1943 CAMPAIGNS: China-Burma-India, Air Offensive Japan, China Defense DECORATIONS: Five Campaign Stars, Good Conduct Medal, Asia-Pacific Campaign Medal, Victory Medal The story of the war...

  • World War II Magazine

    Commands: First Belgian Independent Brigade

    DESIGNATION: First Belgian Independent Brigade ACTIVATION: January 21, 1944 CAMPAIGN: Northwest Europe Among the representatives of myriad exiled nations operating from England in 1944 were a handful of Belgians—most of whom had not seen...

  • World War II Magazine

    In the Ashes of the Reich

    Dodging a torrent of fire from Red Army soldiers to deliver dispatches from Adolf Hitler’s Berlin bunker, Hitler Youth member Armin Lehmann witnessed the dying days of the only world he had ever known. Raised on the lies of their elders,...

  • World War II Magazine

    The Desert Fox’s Defense of Normandy

    Erwin Rommel’s decision to stop the Allied invasion of France at the water’s edge was contrary to the rule book and anathema to his more tradition-bound contemporaries. ROMMEL’S GLORY YEARS For Rommel, the first three years of the...

  • World War II Magazine

    Death of the Desert Fox

    Field Marshal Erwin Rommel— Germany’s vaunted “Desert Fox”—met his end not on the battlefield, but at the hands of henchmen sent by his own commander in chief. After more than 60 years, Rommel’s death remains a testament to the...