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America’s Bloodiest Day
George McClellan’s lucky find of Robert E. Lee’s Special Orders No. 191 led to a fight near Antietam Creek on what became the bloodiest day in American history—September 17, 1862.

Battle of Antietam: Union Surgeons and Civilian Volunteers Help the Wounded
By John H. Nelson
Thousands of men were wounded during the Battle of Antietam. For the injured, more misery awaited in makeshift field hospitals.

Faces of the Federal Wounded
Photographs sent to loved ones captured soldiers in their prime—before Antietam’s fury took its grisly toll.

Sculpting a Scapegoat
By William Marvel
George McClellan and his apologists spent years repeating half-truths and outright lies to cast Ambrose Burnside as a bungler
for not quickly capturing Antietam’s Rohrbach Bridge.

‘Damage Done to My Farm’
By Mannie Gentile
William Roulette’s farm was smack dab in the middle of mayhem on September 17, 1862, and his handwritten list chronicles his awful losses.

‘Young Man, Before 12 O’Clock Tomorrow You Die’
By Steven Meserve
William Ormsby died before a firing squad of Union comrades. Among his fatal mistakes: riding drunk with Mosby’s men.


Open Fire!
Civil War News and History

By Robert W. Menuet
Papers owned by descendants of Union Corporal Barton W. Mitchell confirm his role in finding Special Orders No. 191 on September 13, 1862.

Letter From America’s Civil War


A bullet-pierced tailor’s shop sign from Gettysburg’s town square.

On the Block
Civil War Memorabilia Sold at Auction


Roulette Farm Chronicle

Rare Quotes from Antietam survivors

The Truth About Civil War Surgery

John Singleton Mosby’s Revenge

FORUMS: ACW Editor Dana Shoaf believes George McClellan deserves more credit for his handling of the 1862 Maryland campaign. Your thoughts?