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Toward a Better Understanding of George McClellan, P. 28

McClellan’s War: The Failure of Moderation in the Struggle for the Union, Ethan S. Rafuse, Indiana University Press Confederate Tide Rising: Robert E. Lee and the Making of Southern Strategy, 1861-1862, Joseph L. Harsh, Kent State George B. McClellan: The Young Napoleon, Stephen W. Sears, Da Capo Press The American Civil War and the Origins of Modern Warfare: Ideas, Organization, and Field Command, Edward Hagerman, Indiana University Press

A People’s Contest: The Union and Civil War, 1861-1865, Phillip Shaw Paludan, University Press of Kansas

“Oh, that reminds me of a story,” P. 40

A lecture given by Mark Twain on the man he regarded as “America’s greatest humorist,” Charles Farrar Brown, aka Artemus Ward, can be found at: The full text of the following excerpt from Artemus Ward’s “Science and Natural History,” published in Punch magazine, is available at: pieces-10.html It will be remembered that on the occasion of the first battle of Bull Run, it suddenly occurd to the Fed’ral soldiers that they had business in Washington which ought not to be neglected, and they all started for that beautiful and romantic city, maintainin a rate of speed durin the entire distance that would have done credit to the celebrated French steed Gladiateur.

“A Sight to See Before You Die,” P. 46

The Battle of Gettysburg Cyclorama: A History and Guide, Sue Boardman and Kathryn Porch, Thomas Publications

The South Did Rise Again, P. 50

To see the rest of the above letter (circa 1868), addressed to a black Republican county sheriff, part of the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History online archive, visit:

America’s Reconstruction: People and Politics After the Civil War, Eric Foner and Olivia Mahoney, Louisiana State University Ordeal by Fire: The Civil War and Reconstruction, James McPherson, McGraw-Hill

For Whom the Bell Tolled, P. 56

Find maps, census data and other Franklin County historical documents at: