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Cover Story
The Prophet of Sea Power
By Kevin Baker
Alfred Thayer Mahan transformed naval theory with his 1890 book The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, 1660–1783—with unforseen consequences

Big Night in Baltimore
By Hugh Howard
How the upstart Americans surprised the brazen British in 1814

Napoléon: What Made Him Great?
By Rafe Blaufarb
The French emperor-general rewarded his men and won their loyalty

The U.S. Marines’ Mythic Fight at Belleau Wood
By David T. Zabecki
They stopped the Germans from taking Paris—or did they?

A Day of Blizzard and Blood
By Jim Lacey
The Lancastrians faced bad weather and a Yorkist arrow storm at Towton

Portfolio: America’s Best Fighter Planes
A gallery of winning wings by aviation historian and illustrator Ted Williams


On the cover: The World War II–era battleship USS Iowa fires a full starboard broadside of its Mark 7 16-inch/50-caliber guns during a 1984 demonstration. (PH1 Hilton/Department of Defense)


Remaining Mysteries of Pearl Harbor, Race Relations

Odyssey Strikes Deep Riches, Drake’s Last Fleet

Charles Stanish: War and the Earliest States

By Fred L. Borch and Robert F. Dorr
Robert Guy Robinson: Bravery Over Belgium

What We Learned…
By Stephan Wilkinson
from the Italo-Ethiopian War

By Edward G. Lengel
Napoléon’s Dash to Jena


Hand Tool
By Jon Guttman
Swiss Army Knife

Power Tool
By Jon Guttman
Broomhandle Mauser C96

Letter from Military History


Hallowed Ground
By K.M. Kostyal
Fort Monroe, Virginia

War Games

Weapons We’re Glad They Never Built
By Rick Meyerowitz
Secret Weapons of the CIA (Part 2)


Military History Reader Poll:

To what extent has the personal charisma of a commander been
sufficient in itself to hold the loyalty of his soldiers throughout history?


Wars of the Roses: Blow by blow at Towton

Perry and the Frontier Fleet: 1813 Battle of Lake Erie

Napoléon’s Total War: Engulfing Europe through 1815

Paths to Glory: Marine MOH recipients Daly and Butler