Donald JOHN Trump FACTS

In Office

Jan. 20, 2017- Jan. 20, 2021


June 14, 1946




Ivana Zelníčková (1977-1992)
Marla Maples (1993-1999)
Melania Knauss (2005-present)




Tax Cuts and Jobs Acts of 2017
Withdrew the U.S. from the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement
Withdrew the U.S. from the Paris Agreement on climate change
Withdrew the U.S. from the Iran nuclear deal

Donald Trump’s Early Years

Donald J. Trump was born in the Queens borough of New York City on June 14, 1946, to Fred and Mary Ann McLeod Trump. Trump was the couple’s fourth child.

Fred Trump was a successful real estate entrepreneur who specialized in putting up low- and middle-income housing in Queens, Staten Island and Brooklyn, as well as homes along the East Coast for members of the U.S. Navy, though the reputation of the business was tarnished by investigations into whether Fred Trump profiteered off government contracts and a racial discrimination suit by the Justice Department, which was settled in the 1970s. As a young man, Fred Trump was arrested along with members of the Ku Klux Klan at a 1927 KKK march, but the charges were dismissed.

Donald Trump graduated from the private New York Military Academy in 1964. He went to Fordham University for two years before transferring to the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania for his undergraduate degree in business, which he obtained in 1968. He received four draft deferments from the Vietnam War while in college, and was permanently disqualified from military service in 1972 for a medical condition.

Trump as businessman

After college, Trump went into the family real estate business, becoming company president in 1971. He expanded the business, investing in higher-profile properties and ventures such as golf resorts, hotels, casinos and skyscrapers and expanding beyond the Trump family’s traditional New York City-centric domain. Under him, the company branched out to include beauty pageants, professional football, a bottled water brand, vodka, a for-profit university, an airline and a branding empire that capitalized on Trump’s own image and popularity. In 1988, he founded the charitable Donald J. Trump Foundation, which was dissolved in 2018 after a New York judge found it had been used primarily to fund Trump’s personal and political life.

In 1982, he made it onto the Forbes magazine list of wealthiest people for the first time, with an estimated personal worth of $200 million. (In 2021, the magazine estimated his wealth to be $2.1 billion.) His 1988 book, “The Art of the Deal,” was a bestseller and cemented his name as an example of Reagan-era business acumen and financial success. From 2008 to 2015, he enjoyed revived popularity as the face and producer of the NBC TV show “The Apprentice” and its offshoots. How successful Trump was as a businessman is widely disputed, however, with several investigations finding that he’d kept the company afloat only by receiving millions in undeclared loans and gifts from his father and questionable loans from banks. Under his leadership, the Trump Organization has declared bankruptcy six times, from 1990 to 2009.

Trump’s Presidency and POlicies

After brief flirtations with presidential politics in 2000 and 2012, Trump ran for real in 2016 as a Republican, adopting a fiery populist stance that embraced right-wing anti-immigration, nationalist and isolationist policies that he summed up with the slogan “Make America Great Again.” His November 2016 victory over Democratic candidate and former secretary of state Hillary Clinton was an upset, confounding expert predictions and polling. He was the first president in U.S. history to never have either served in the military or political office before being elected to the White House.

His years in office were marked by markedly polarized politics, often exacerbated by Trump’s penchant for off-the-cuff proclamations and adversarial language. Throughout his time in office, he was accused of fanning racial and cultural division and encouraging the growth of far-right fringe groups, including in the aftermath of a right-wing extremist rally at Charlottesville, Virginia, in which a white supremacist drove his car into a crowd of protesters, killing one.

Soon after taking power, Trump enacted a controversial ban on immigration from mostly Muslim countries, reversed America’s commitments to combating climate change, withdrew from a planned multinational partnership aimed at addressing China’s growing economic power, and ended a deal to halt Iran’s nuclear program. He OKed deals that were seen as profitable for energy companies but disastrous to the environment, and began construction of part of his long-promised border wall between the U.S. and Mexico. He also oversaw deregulation of business in several areas, including the environment, labor, discrimination, gun control and health.

Trump’s daughter, Ivanka, and her husband, Jared Kushner, were given remarkable amounts of power in the Trump White House. Ivanka Trump served as the public face of the U.S. at a G20 summit, and Kushner was given free rein to find solutions to both the Middle East conflict and the COVID-19 pandemic. Generally, assessments of those efforts ranged from “ineffective” to “counterproductive.”

During his term, Trump appointed three new justices to the Supreme Court. All were reliably and deeply conservative, and the new makeup of the court quickly and significantly changed the legal landscape of the U.S. With its new 6-3 conservative majority, the high court overturned the federal right to abortion and loosened gun restrictions and environmental protections.

In 2017, Trump signed into law major tax cuts for businesses and individuals — the business cuts were permanent, the individual to expire after eight years. He also eliminated a major requirement of the Affordable Care Act, sometimes known as Obamacare, thus neutering the primary domestic achievement of his predecessor, Barack Obama. The tax cuts, along with greatly increased government spending under Trump, led to a $1 trillion federal deficit when he left office, or about 50% bigger than when he started.

Trump’s response to the COVID-19 outbreak was widely criticized as initially ignoring and downplaying it to addressing it only haphazardly once it became a global crisis. Instead, critics said, he focused on economic growth over public health. He frequently flouted the recommendations of his own public health advisers, recommending unproven cures, criticizing the World Health Organization (which he tried to withdraw from) and sometimes undercutting the efforts of the government coronavirus task force. He insisted on calling COVID the “Wuhan virus” in an attempt to deflect blame for the pandemic to China — language that some said was responsible for a surge in hate crimes against Asian Americans.

Trump’s Legal Troubles

Trump was the constant subject of investigations during his tenure, covering conflicts of interest with his business while in office, allegations of sexual misconduct, misuse of campaign funds and accusations that he worked with Russia to win his election. On the last matter, the much-anticipated investigation by Special Counsel Robert Mueller found that it could not establish that Trump or members of his team worked with Russia to interfere in the 2016 elections, but found that illegal Russian interference was widespread. It also stated that it could not prove that Trump committed any crime to obstruct justice related to the investigation — but also said it could not exonerate him.

Trump lost the 2020 election to Delaware Sen. Joe Biden but refused to concede, alleging election fraud, a claim that has been repeatedly debunked. In Jan. 6, 2021, as the electoral votes were to be certified in Congress in what has historically been a formal, procedural process, Trump gave a speech at Washington, D.C.’s Ellipse that was criticized by many as enflaming his supporters there. A mob of over 2,000 went on to storm the Capitol in attempt to overturn the election results, forcing Congress and Trump’s own vice president, Mike Pence, to evacuate. The event, often referred to as the Capitol riot or insurrection, left five dead, including one Capitol police officer. Trump’s role in the attack on Congress, including whether he or his aides were involved in planning it or intended to use it to retain power, are the subject of congressional and criminal investigations.

Trump is the first president to have been impeached twice. In December 2019, he was impeached for a phone call to Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy in which Trump threatened to withhold military aid from Ukraine unless Zelenskyy provided incriminating evidence against political rival (and future successor) Biden. Trump was impeached in the House of Representatives for abuse of power and obstruction of Congress, but acquitted in the Senate.

On Jan. 11, 2021, Trump was impeached for the second time for his role in the Jan. 6 Capitol attacks in a 232–197 vote in the House — a record 10 members of his own party voted to impeach him. The charge was incitement of insurrection. He was acquitted in the Senate by a vote of 57-43, the closest any president has come to conviction and expulsion from office.

Trump has hinted that he will seek to run for the presidency again in 2024.