On July 26, 1953, Cuban revolutionaries Fidel and Raul Castro attempt to overthrow the military dictatorship of President Fulgencio Batista. The coup is a failure, with most of Castro’s crew being tried and executed, and both Castro brothers sentenced to prison.

Later, in 1955, under political pressure, the Batista government, frees the Castros, who later flee to Mexico where they would meet Ernesto “Che” Guevara, an Argentinian and fellow revolutionary.

Five years later, the Castros would successfully overthrow Batista’s government and establish a communist, one-party state.