Facts, information and articles about the Battle Of Singapore, a battle of World War II
Battle Of Singapore Facts
8–15 February 1942
Singapore, Straits Settlements
Arthur Percival (POW)
Lewis Heath (POW)
Merton Beckwith-Smith (POW)
5,000 killed or wounded
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The Trigger Of War
After being imposed a trade embargo due to its Chinese campaigns, Japan had to look for an alternative source of supplies for its war against the allies in the Pacific War. As a result Japan invaded Malaya.
The Malaya Invasion
Japan’s 25th Army invaded Malaya coming from Indochina moving northwards towards Thailand. This invasion was done simultaneously with the attack on Pearl Harbor in an effort to try and stop the U.S. from interfering in Southeast Asia. The Japan government had persuaded the Thai government to let them use Thai military bases for defense against invasion from the southeast by other nations.
The Japanese 25th Army faced resistance in north Malaya from III Corps of the Indian Army. Although the Japanese were outnumbered they consolidated their forces and were far superior in air support and war techniques. The British constantly allowed the Japanese army to outflank them as they believed that the Malayan jungle was impossible to pass.
Japanese Air Force Supremacy
The air force of the Empire of Japan had more men and was well trained and better equipped than the Malayan pilots who had inferior equipment without any good training. The Japanese air fighter plane the Mitsubishi A6M2 Zero helped the Japanese forces gain an upper hand. The Japanese aircrafts managed to sink the British capital ships thus leaving the Malayan peninsula exposed giving room for more Japanese landings. The Japanese made good use of bicycles and light tanks which made it possible for rapid movements in the jungle.