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White Death, part 1

By Robert M. Citino 
Originally published under Front & Center Blog. Published Online: November 18, 2011 
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Ah, it's that time of year again. There is a chill in the air, even down here in Texas. The leaves are starting to turn color. The Beaujolais Nouveau is being released today. The holiday season is about to begin, and the mood is festive. It's a great time of the year for family, friends, and fellowship. It's time to break out the Frank Sinatra Christmas album.

And for me that can mean only one thing: it's time to renew my obsession with the Winter War, the great Russo-Finnish conflict of 1939–40.

Everyone has obsessions: favorite foods, drinks, bands, movies. And so do historians. All of us have topics that we just can't seem to get enough of. For me, it's the Winter War. My dream: I quit my day job as a university professor, and someone pays me to sit around for the rest of my life and read books on the Winter War. Anyone wishing to finance this dream can contact me at any time, care of World War II magazine.

It's one of history's classic David and Goliath stories. It is fall 1939. The Germans have overrun Poland, and Britain and France have declared war on the Reich. Hitler's ally Josef Stalin intends to cash in on the Nazi-Soviet Pact he signed back in August. Through his foreign minister and henchman, V. I. Molotov, Stalin puts the screws to Finland, a sparsely populated land that had, until World War I, been part of the Russian Empire. The demands on the young nation are moderate enough: the Soviets want a lease on the Hankö peninsula on the southern Finnish coast for use as a naval base; they want border adjustments on the Karelian isthmus, where the frontier was only 20 miles from the great Soviet city of Leningrad. Molotov is even willing to cede a larger area in return, some 5,500 square kilometers of territory in Soviet Karelia.

From the Finnish perspective, however, what was happening was not negotiation, and the actual terms were meaningless. This was the era, after all, of Hitler and Mussolini and Imperial Japan, of lawlessness in the international arena, of stronger powers preying on weaker ones. More specifically, surrender of any territory to the former imperial masters meant the beginning of the end for an independent Finland. The government refused Molotov's demands.

And just like that, the world had yet another war on its hands. On November 30th, 1939, the great guns roared, the bombers screamed overhead, and the Red Army invaded Finland. Calling it "David and Goliath" might seem to be a cliché, but how else to describe a war of 168 million vs. 4 million?

It makes what happened next seem all the more shocking.

More next time.

For the latest in military history from World War II's sister publications visit HistoryNet.com.

 


5 Responses to “White Death, part 1”


  1. 1
    Jacob DeWitt says:

    I don't have it with me, but World War II mag published a great article on the air war, where one of the veterans described it as "Thermopylae every day". Gloster Gladiators, Fokker DXXI and the awful Brewster Buffalo with skis. How mechanics even kept them flying in those conditions is a mystery to me.

  2. 2
    Patrick H. says:

    I can attest to this. Some where in my basement I still have the notes to Dr Citino's lecture on the Winter War! He is very intrested in a battle in central Finland, begins with an "S". Finns used the heavy forested t landscape to surround and destroy on Soviet column!! The good doctor was really into it and it showed!!

  3. 3
    David M. says:

    I'm a bit surprised. I thought your obsession was with becoming a mixologist. I know little about the politics of the war in Finland. I only know what I read in "Black Edelweiss" by Johann Voss. The author, a member of the Waffen SS, seemed to think they had been welcomed into Finland with open arms and that the people there were their allies. I don't read very many books by members of the German military, but every book I've read by someone from that side of the conflict gives you the impression that those people all functioned in a vacuum. They never mention the atrocities they committed from the very start of that war. It kind of makes you wonder who was slaughtering all the innocents.

    • 3.1
      Winter says:

      Perhaps you should read some more books. Your comment seems very confused. Wrong war to start with.

      • 3.1.1
        David M. says:

        I know. Sorry. That's what I get for scanning instead of reading.



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