Known as 'Lying George' for his many false strikes, George Washington Carmack and two Indian friends found a real nugget in 1896 that set off a fabled gold rush in Canada.
After the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor in 1941, the United States feared that Alaska was vulnerable to invasion. To allay those fears, the government embarked on a monumental job of road building through some of the most remote and inaccessible terrain in North America.
Jesse Chisholm's trail led from Texas to Abilene, Kansas, and driving a herd of half-wild Longhorns over it was a baptism by fire.
For nearly 150 years, the royally chartered Hudson's Bay Company battled Frenchmen, Canadians, Indians, mixed bloods and Scots for control of the lucrative fur trade in the Great White North.
The Swiss entrepreneur carved out a big place for himself in Mexican California, using area Indians to do most of the hard work.