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John Forster and the American Conquest of California

The English-born John Forster helped his brother-in-law, California Governor Pio Pico, escape to Mexico in 1846, but then he assisted the American forces who had come West to take possession of the pastoral paradise by the sundown sea.
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1902 Gunfight at Spokogee

The long-simmering feud between the Brooks and McFarland clans erupted into gunfire on September 22, 1902, at the new railroad town in Indian Territory.
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Chief Seattle

Did Chief Seattle really say, 'the earth does not belong to man; man belongs to the earth'?
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Apache Captives’ Ordeal

When Apache warriors swooped down on the defenseless Oatman family in sunbleached Arizona in 1851, the harrowing nightmare was just beginning for Olive Oatman and her little sister Mary Ann.
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Black Hawk War

Outnumbered and harried through trackless swamps, Black Hawk's starving band of Sauk Indians made a desperate stand along the Mississippi.
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Brulé Sioux Spotted Tail’s Pledge of Peace

War and a terrible winter were fresh memories when Colonel Henry Maynadier allowed tearful Spotted Tail to bury his daughter at Fort Laramie, which, in turn, helped convince the Brulé Sioux leader to bury the hatchet forever.
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Butch Cassidy’s Surrender Offer

Tired of being on the run, the Wild Bunch leader considered a number of options before deciding it was best to leave the country.
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Battle of Pierre’s Hole

Still bleary-eyed from their annual rendezvous, Bill and Milton Sublette's mountain men were ill-prepared for battle. But the dreaded Gros Ventre--'Big Bellies'--could not be avoided without a fight.