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Soviet Union

  • Aviation History Magazine

    ‘Unstart’ Over Murmansk

    All hell broke loose at 83,000 feet, just as a Soviet SAM site had the SR-71 Blackbird in its sights. Summer 1984: the coldest part of the Cold War’s final years, when both sides were doing their best to keep tabs on each other. For the...

  • American History Magazine

    Interview with Charles Elachi, planetary scientist

    Charles Elachi directs the Pasadena-based Jet Propulsion Laboratory, NASA’s center for unmanned space exploration. JPL pioneered rocket propulsion during World War II but is best known for its space telescopes and Mars rovers. Last...

  • American History Magazine

    Nikita Khrushchev Ogles Marilyn Monroe

    When President Dwight Eisenhower invited Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev to a summit meeting at Camp David in 1959, Khrushchev eagerly accepted, informing Ike that he’d like to spend “ten to fifteen days” traveling around the United...

  • American History Magazine

    Reagan Reborn

    A near-death experience changed his presidency and led to the most important steps ever taken to reduce the threat of nuclear war. Ronald Reagan had learned to read audiences during decades of public speaking, so it didn’t take him long...

  • World War II Magazine

    What If Stalin Had Signed an Alliance with the West

    THE AUGUST 23, 1939, signing of a nonaggression pact between the Soviet Union and Germany came as a thunderclap. The Nazi regime had been so vociferously hostile to communism that rapprochement between the nations and their ideologies...

  • World War II Magazine

    First Proof of the Nazi Murder Machine

    Soviet soldiers of the Third Belorussian Army could be forgiven for thinking at first glance that what they had just come across in the Polish city of Lublin was a POW camp, given the rows of barracks that stretched off into the distance....

  • World War II Magazine

    Their Darkest Hour: Follow the Leader

    THE VAST majority of people know the horrors of the Nazi regime, but in my experience far fewer know of the appalling crimes Stalin committed against his own people during World War II. As the war came to an end, Stalin’s secret...

  • HistoryNet

    Interactive: Soviet Patrol in Afghanistan, 1985

    You are Soviet army Lieutenant Andrei Sokolov, leader of a patrol composed of a T-62 tank with four crewmen and two BTR-60 armored personnel carriers each transporting an eight-man infantry squad. This morning, March 12, the commander of...

  • HistoryNet

    You Command: Battle of Cholm Pocket, 1942

    As German Major General Theodor Scherer, YOU lead a surrounded battle group in a desperate attack against Red Army forces. Operation Barbarossa, Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler’s massive invasion of the Soviet Union that began World War II on...

  • HistoryNet

    What Next, General?: Konev and the Battle for Berlin, 1945

    It is mid-April 1945 as you assume the role of Marshal Ivan Konev, commander of the Red Army’s 1st Ukrainian Front. You have commanded Soviet troops in some of the fiercest battles on World War II’s Eastern Front since the war in the...

  • MHQ Magazine

    Stalin Attacks the Red Army

    Stalin had been purging his enemies—real and chimerical—for years, including military officers. Then the 1941 German invasion exposed the Red Army’s real problems. In late June, 1941, without a declaration of war, the Axis armies of...

  • Vietnam Magazine

    A Soviet Spy in Saigon: The Case of the French Doctor

    A story of CIA officers, Russian agents in Paris, the French FBI, lavish parties and one doctor who operated a clinic in South Vietnam. The only known Soviet espionage agent permanently based inside South Vietnam during the war was a...

  • Military History Magazine

    Afghanistan Fiasco

    In 1979 the Soviets intervened in a bloody civil war then rending Afghanistan—that was their first mistake. By April 1982 the Soviet Union had been fighting in Afghanistan for more than two years, and it was proving impossible to win, by...

  • World War II Magazine

    White Death: Finland Against the Soviet Union

    When Finland fought the Soviet Union in 1939, it was like David and Goliath—with a perverse twist. As they mustered for battle in the Valley of Elah, the armies of Israel knew disaster awaited. Their war against the Philistines was going...

  • HistoryNet

    Romanian Nightmare at Stalingrad

    Hitler’s Axis ally fought both the Russian winter and the Red Army in the Eastern Front’s turning-point battle. As morning broke on November 19, 1942, the soldiers of Romania’s 3d Army shivered in their trenches along ridges south of...

  • HistoryNet

    The Latvian Legion of World War II

    Caught between Stalin and Hitler, some Latvians made a “devil’s pact” with the Nazis. The origins of World War II’s Latvian Legion are found in the diplomatic and military events of 1939-41, when the Baltic peoples found themselves...