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Poland

  • Military History Magazine

    Hallowed Ground | Poznan, Poland

    Poznan was not the only Nazi-occupied city to hold out behind Soviet lines in the closing days of World War II, but it was arguably the most important, its fall paving the way for the final Russian drive into the very heart of...

  • MHQ Magazine

    Behind the Lines | Unwilling Accomplice

    In 1939 Poland’s Nazi occupiers made Adam Czerniaków the leader of the Jews in Warsaw. Three years later he would reach the breaking point...

  • Aviation History Magazine

    Polish Fighter’s Odyssey

    Formerly a Nazi war trophy, a rare PZL P.11c is now the crown jewel in Krakow’s Polish Aviation Museum. When Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939, one of its key objectives was to annihilate the Polish air force. One reason the...

  • World War II Magazine

    WWII Book Review: The Zookeeper’s Wife

    The Zookeeper’s Wife: A War Story  By Diane Ackerman. 368 pp. Norton, 2007. $24.95. In the early 1930s, Jan and Antonina Zabinski ran the Warsaw Zoo and lived on the premises, tending the animals in the collection and laboring, with...

  • World War II Magazine

    WWII Book Review: Polish Deportees of World War II

    The Polish Deportees of World War II: Recollections of Removal to the Soviet Union and Dispersal Throughout the World  Edited by Tadeusz Piotrowski. 256 pp. McFarland, 2008. $39.95.  They were awakened at two, three, or four in...

  • World War II Magazine

    The Making of Comandante Enrico

    Relying on ingenuity and bravado, a Polish Jew survived the Warsaw ghetto to lead a band of partisans in the Italian Alps. One day in the winter of 1944, Comandante Enrico, the revered leader of a group of partisans in the mountains above...

  • World War II Magazine

    WWII Today- May 2009

    Was Poland’s Wartime Leader Murdered? The B-24 Liberator carrying the leader of Poland’s government-in-exile on July 4, 1943, had barely cleared the runway on the island of Gibraltar when disaster struck. Before the plane’s wheels...

  • World War II Magazine

    WWII Movie Review: Katyn

    Katyn (2009) Director: Andrzej Wajda Time: 121 minutes. Color. Subtitles. The specter of World War II still haunts Poland’s filmmakers, particularly the esteemed and prolific octogenarian Andrzej Wajda. Practically from the beginning of...

  • World War II Magazine

    The Man Who Started World War II

    Alfred Naujocks was an SS expert in dirty deeds done well, charged with making Poland appear a villain...

  • MHQ Magazine

    1939 Polish Cavalry vs. German Panzers

    The real story is far more interesting than the enduring Nazi-promulgated myth. On September 1, 1939, German land, air, and sea units struck targets all across Poland. Although it was not a surprise attack, the speed and level of violence...

  • MHQ Magazine

    MHQ Letters from Readers- Spring 2011

    Poland’s Just Deserts I WOULD LIKE to thank John Dunn, author of “1939: Polish Cavalry vs. German Panzers” Winter 2011. Far too often, the contributions of Poland—the “first ally,” as English historian Norman Davies calls...

  • MHQ Magazine

    The Two Horsemen of the Revolution

    Casimir Pułaski and Michael Kováts, both immigrants, earned a place in history as “the fathers of the U.S. Cavalry"...

  • Military History Magazine

    In the Cause of Human Freedom

    Tadeusz Kosciuszko fought for independence in America and Poland. When Congress established the Continental Army on June 14, 1775, few observers could have guessed it would ultimately evolve into one of history’s most powerful armies....

  • MHQ Magazine

    Miracle on the Vistula

    Józef Piłsudski saved Poland by handing the Red Army one of its greatest defeats ever.   IN EARLY 1920, IN THE WAKE OF WORLD WAR I, Europe was desolate and bankrupt. President Woodrow Wilson’s attempt to insert the United States...

  • World War II Magazine

    Revolt and Betrayal- Warsaw

    The 1944 Warsaw Rising was a courageous insurrection turned disaster when the Soviets showed as much contempt for the Poles as the Nazis did. On an unseasonably wet and chilly summer afternoon in 1944, Warsaw was in a state of nervous...

  • HistoryNet

    You Command: Polish Motorized Infantry Attack, 1944

    As Major Wladyslaw Zgorzelski, YOU must lead your men to close the Falaise Gap and trap German 7th Army. On September 1, 1939, World War II in Europe erupted when Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler’s German armies invaded Poland. (See...