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Native American History

  • Wild West

    Cheyenne Chief Black Kettle

    Although usually portrayed as a man of peace, Cheyenne Chief Black Kettle may have been an ineffective leader at best.

    By Gregory Michno

    ...

  • Wild West

    General Nelson Miles and the Expedition to Capture Geronimo

    General Nelson Miles summoned Lieutenant Charles Gatewood to Albuquerque in July 1886 and ordered the reluctant veteran of the Apache wars to go find the elusive Chiricahua leader down in the mountains of Mexico.

    By Louis Kraft

    ...

  • Wild West

    Spirit Lake Massacre

    With most of her family and neighbors at the northern Iowa settlement wiped out, Abbie Gardner clung to life at the mercy of Dakota Chief Inkpaduta and his unremorseful band....

  • Wild West

    Sioux Chief Gall

    Soldiers gave the Hunkpapa leader his nickname because he was a dashing warrior who effectively teamed up with Sitting Bull in the 1870s. But after his surrender in 1881, Gall stood up for cooperation and peace at Standing Rock....

  • Wild West

    Revolt of the Métis

    In 1885, Canadian troops had to deal with a bloody uprising that had barely been averted in 1870. Its leader was once more Louis Riel, but the man to worry about was Gabriel Dumont....

  • Wild West

    Trail of Black Hawk

    Outnumbered and harried through trackless swamps, Black Hawk's starving band of Sauk and Fox Indians made a desperate stand along the Mississippi....

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    Estanislao: Rebellious Indian Warrior

    Named after a Polish saint, Estanislao became an Indian official with a mission--flee Mission San Jose and lead one of the largest Indian forces ever to fight against whites in California....

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    Soldiers vs. Apaches: One Last Time at Guadalupe Canyon

    Nearly 10 years after Geronimo called it quits following a massive manhunt, the U.S. Army began a smaller campaign against renegade Apaches....

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    Queho: An Indian Outcast

    Queho, a clubfooted Indian outcast, became the elusive killer hermit of El Dorado canyon....

  • Wild West

    Kiowa Chief Satanta

    Kiowa chief Satanta was one of the most complicated men ever to rise from the Great Plains--a diplomat and orator of his people who did his share of killing....

  • Wild West

    The Indian Tax Rebellion of 1851

    When San Diego County officials slapped a property tax on the dirt-poor Indians of the area, the natives complied in 1850, but then trouble came a year later when Major General Joshua Bean instructed them not to pay....

  • Wild West

    The Tule River War

    From their earth-and-rock fortification at the base of a small, solitary mountain, the Yokuts of central California were determined to defend their land....

  • Wild West

    The Battle of White Bird Canyon: First Fight of the Nez Perce

    After young warriors killed some settlers in Idaho Territory, General O.O. Howard ordered Captain David Perry at Fort Lapwai to go get them, telling him, 'You must not get whipped.'...

  • Wild West

    Lieutenant Casper Collins: Fighting the Odds at Platte Bridge

    Lieutenant Casper Collins and 20 others faced at least 1,000 Indians in the 1865 Running Battle, and on its heels came another lopsided encounter on the North Platte -- Custard's Last Stand....

  • Wild West

    Chief Seattle

    Did Chief Seattle really say, 'the earth does not belong to man; man belongs to the earth'?...

  • Wild West

    Apache Captives’ Ordeal

    When Apache warriors swooped down on the defenseless Oatman family in sunbleached Arizona in 1851, the harrowing nightmare was just beginning for Olive Oatman and her little sister Mary Ann....