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Middle East

  • Military History Magazine

    What We Learned: from Omdurman

    Following the 1885 fall of Khartoum and death of Maj. Gen. Charles George “Chinese” Gordon, the British resolved to deal with the Mahdi army in the Sudan. Finally, in the fall of 1898, Maj. Gen. Sir Herbert Kitchener led 8,200 British...

  • American History Magazine

    Encounter: FDR Dines With King Ibn Saud

    On the deck of the destroyer USS Murphy, the bearded king perched on his gilded throne, surrounded by gorgeous oriental carpets and fierce barefoot bodyguards carrying daggers and swords. Nearby, on the ship’s fantail, the king’s sheep...

  • World War II Magazine

    Pirates of the Sand Seas

    How a group of gentleman explorers became Britain’s legendary Long Range Desert Group. MAJ. RALPH A. BAGNOLD sat before the commander of British forces in the Middle East. He watched nervously as Gen. Archibald Wavell picked up the note...

  • Military History Magazine

    What We Learned: from the Suez Crisis

    The nine-day Suez Crisis of 1956 was sparked by a series of what in hindsight seem playground-worthy disputes, though they could have led to global Armageddon. That year Egypt switched its allegiance from Western arms suppliers to the...

  • MHQ Magazine

    The 27-Day War

    Just a month after 9/11 a handful of CIA men and U.S. Special Forces soldiers in Afghanistan—backed by cavalry, cash, and airstrikes—toppled the Taliban. At dusk on September 19, 2001, eight days after al-Qaeda’s 9/11 attack claimed...

  • MHQ Magazine

    Napoleon’s Desert Storm

    Why Western armies win battles— but not wars—in the Muslim world. Crimson and azure robes embroidered with silver and gold flashed in the hot Egyptian sun as 7,000 Mamluk cavalry trotted toward the invaders, Napoleon Bonaparte’s Army...

  • MHQ Magazine

    A Short History of United Nations Peacekeeping

    For more than four decades, the Blue Helmets have carved out an impressive, and often overlooked, role for themselves monitoring cease-fire agreements, disarming rebel groups, and preserving law and order in troubled lands. The decrepit...

  • HistoryNet

    War and Peace: 2013 and Beyond

    What readers must know about the global strategic situation. EDITOR’S NOTE: Author John Sutherland is a senior operations and intelligence analyst whose influential articles include the widely acclaimed “iGuerrilla: The New Model...

  • HistoryNet

    The First Aryan Blitzkrieg

    Over three millennia before Hitler’s “lightning warfare,” chariot-borne Aryan warriors overran the ancient world. The chariots of Mursilis I, grandson of the Hittite Empire’s founder, were nearing the end of their raid that had...

  • HistoryNet

    Crisis Watch: Sorting the Chaos

    Why the Arab Spring jumped off the rails. Impatient journalists and disappointed Washington officials shake their heads at the confusion, intolerance and violence that has followed the “Arab Spring.” They’re being naïve. Undoing the...

  • HistoryNet

    Crisis Watch: Misplaced Faith

    Our diplomats trust our enemies, not us. A good con knows that the easiest person to fool is the one who wants to be fooled. And in this age of global upheaval, our diplomats want to be fooled. They routinely put their faith in foreign...

  • Military History Magazine

    The Throwback War, Iran Vs. Iraq

    Though fought with modern-day weaponry, the conflict resembled nothing so much as the World War I Western Front. In his satirical novel Slaughterhouse-Five author Kurt Vonnegut places the protagonist, a soldier named Billy Pilgrim,...

  • HistoryNet

    Crisis Watch: The Honest-Broker Decision

    Evenhandedness doesn’t play in the Middle East. Calling all American diplomats! Repeat after me: “They’re not like us, they’re not like us …” For the past dozen years, our foreign policy has tried to tease out the hidden...

  • HistoryNet

    Crisis Watch: What’s the Plan?

    The true lesson of Iraq – and everywhere else. I’ve always appreciated the British military’s definition of experience: “That which enables you to recognize a mistake the second time you make it.” Unfortunately, the American...

  • HistoryNet

    Crisis Watch: USA Falls to Second Place!

    We’re just not Enemy Number One for al Qaeda and its franchises anymore. Oh, Sunni jihadis still seek opportunities, great or small, to strike Americans, but we’ve clearly lost ground in the Great Satan Sweepstakes. The anti-American...

  • HistoryNet

    You Command: Battle on Golan Heights, 1973

    At 2 p.m. on October 6, 1973, during the Jewish holy day of Yom Kippur, Israel’s neighboring Arab states of Egypt and Syria launched a powerful, two-front surprise attack, targeting the Sinai in the south and the  Golan Heights in...