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Japan

  • Aviation History Magazine

    Pacific Blitz

    A B-29 pilot recalls battling weather fronts, fighters and flak to rain fire on Japanese cities. The crew soon realized the searchlight battery was actually emplaced halfway up 12,000-foot-high Mount Fuji, right at their 6,000- to...

  • Aviation History Magazine

    Japan’s Fleet of Flying Forts

    In late May 1945, U.S. Army Air Forces intelligence officers were intrigued by the results of a photoreconnaissance sweep over an airfield near Tokyo. Clearly visible in photos of Tachikawa, home base for Japan’s Army Aviation Technical...

  • World War II Magazine

    An Ill Wind: How American Secrecy Stopped a Japanese Terror Attack

    As Japanese terror weapons descended through American skies, the U.S. government struggled to balance secrecy with public safety ...

  • MHQ Magazine

    Bywater’s Pacific War Prophecy

    No one studied the English naval expert's strategic blueprint more closely than a Japanese officer named Isoroku Yamamoto–the architect of Pearl Harbor...

  • MHQ Magazine

    Why Hitler Declared War on the United States

    Was it an irrational act? Hardly. Pearl Harbor merely gave him the excuse he had long been seeking.     WHEN NEWS OF THE JAPANESE ATTACK ON PEARL HARBOR reached Germany, its leadership was absorbed by the crisis in its war...

  • MHQ Magazine

    Why Weren’t We Warned?

    For America, the greatest single controversy of the Second World War has always been the attack on Pearl Harbor. The success of the Japanese assault seared the psyche of the nation. How, with the United States reading the highest-level...

  • World War II Magazine

    WWII Book Review: Hell to Pay

    Hell to Pay: Operation Downfall and the Invasion of Japan, 1945–47 By D. M. Giangreco. 363 pp. Naval Institute Press, 2009. $36.95. Readers of military history who seek tales of heroism in battle and the excitement of decisive maneuver...

  • World War II Magazine

    WWII Review: Japanese Type 97 Chi-Ha Tank

    The Type 97 was Japan’s standard medium tank during World War II. It first saw action against Russian forces at Nomonhan in 1939, and continued service throughout the war. When the Type 97 found itself outclassed by Allied tanks later in...

  • World War II Magazine

    WWII Book Review: Fortress Rabaul

    Fortress Rabaul: The Battle for the Southwest Pacific, January 1942–April 1943 By Bruce Gamble. 416 pp. Zenith Press, 2010. $28. To human history’s endless chronicle of sieges by land and sea, World War II added a new phenomenon:...

  • Film Recon

    FILM RECON: “Forgive–Don’t Forget” review

    SNAPSHOT: “Forgive—Don’t Forget” could simply be viewed as the story of an American returning a World War II-era samurai sword to a Japanese family. Instead, the one-hour documentary is a thoughtful, nuanced, and heartfelt journey...

  • Military History Magazine

    A Culture of Cruelty

    Before and during World War II, Japanese forces murdered millions of civilians and prisoners of war. Why? On Feb. 16, 1942, Japanese troops herded 23 Australian women into the surf from a beach on Bangka Island in the Dutch East Indies...

  • Military History Magazine

    Valor: One-Man War on Arundel

    Lieutenant Hugh Barr Miller Jr. U.S. Naval Reserve Navy Cross Solomon Islands July–August 1943 When former college football star Hugh Barr Miller Jr. joined the destroyer USS Strong in August 1942, he knew he’d see combat. What he...

  • Military History Magazine

    Valor: Britain’s American Hero

    Ordinary Seaman William Seeley Royal Navy Victoria Cross Shimonoseki, Japan September 6, 1864 In the 155 years since it was instituted by royal warrant, the Victoria Cross —Britain’s highest military honor for valor in battle—has...

  • Military History Magazine

    Kublai Khan vs. Kamikaze

    When the legendary Mongol conqueror sought to invade Japan, he didn’t expect defeat to arrive with the wind. For more than a decade maritime archaeologists working in the murky waters off Takashima Island on Japan’s Kyushu coast have...

  • Aviation History Magazine

    Aviation History Book Review: Cataclysm

    Cataclysm: General Hap Arnold and the Defeat of Japan by Herman S. Wolk, University of North Texas Press, Denton, 2010, $24.95. Most of the books about U.S. Army Air Forces leaders during World War II mention General Henry H. “Hap”...

  • American History Magazine

    Kudzu- Japan’s Wonder Vine

    How a wonder vine unveiled by Japan at the 1876 Centennial began eating America. The amazing wonders on display at the 1876 Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia—the first world’s fair held in the United States—included Alexander...