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Historical Figures

  • Military History Magazine

    Admiral Cunningham’s Illustrious Crisis

    A brilliant British tactician, Andrew Cunningham almost lost an aircraft carrier, Malta and control of the Mediterranean in a single dive-bomb attack. Just past noon on January 10, 1941, German Air Marshal Hermann Göring’s Mediterranean...

  • Military History Magazine

    Captain Jack: Against All Odds

    In 1873 tensions between homesteaders and Modoc Indians in Northern California flared into full-scale warfare. The U.S. Army had two divisions, horses and howitzers on its side, but the Modocs boasted two formidable advantages—an...

  • Military History Magazine

    Military History Book Review: Paths of Glory

    Paths of Glory: The Life and Death of General James Wolfe by Stephen Brumwell, Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2006, $39.95. What an enviable death. At 32, British Maj. Gen. James Wolfe died outside Quebec of...

  • Military History Magazine

    Springing a Trap at Stirling Bridge

    Scottish heroes William Wallace and Andrew Murray combined their ragtag rebel armies to hand the hated English conquerors an epic defeat. As dawn broke on September 11,1297, two opposing and very different armies confronted each other...

  • Military History Magazine

    Frederick II

    Crazy, vindictive and nasty, but still great. Frederick II’s first act on assuming the throne of Prussia in 1740 was to take his state to war—a consequence, he later explained, of possessing a well-trained army, a full treasury and a...

  • Military History Magazine

    Voice: Sun-Tzu, Alive and Well in Contemporary China

    The infamous Art of War, by the legendary military theorist Sun-tzu, dates back nearly 2,500 years, yet its teachings still pervade every realm of Chinese endeavor. Despite dramatic changes brought about by mechanization, air power,...

  • Military History Magazine

    Military History Book Review: The Last Mughal

    The Last Mughal: The Fall of a Dynasty, Delhi 1857 by William Dalrymple, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 2007, $30. To visit Delhi today and stroll through the Red Fort is to take in but a fragment of what was once a remarkable architectural...

  • Military History Magazine

    Ike vs. Mac

    Both graduated from West Point, served together in the Army and fought in World War II. Both attained the highest levels of command. But only one reached the White House and became commander in chief. What made the difference? Since George...

  • Military History Magazine

    War Declared!

    Why did the Founding Fathers make it so difficult? The president sat in the Oval Office, staring intently at his secretary of state. It would fall to him either to order the United States to war on his own authority or to consult with...

  • Military History Magazine

    Genghis Khan’s Secrets of Success

    Widely feared for extreme brutality, the Mongols also mastered more subtle and sophisticated tactics. In Bukhara, one of the great cities of the Khwârazmian Empire, the Friday mosque was filled one day in the year 1220, the throng...

  • Military History Magazine

    Interview: Timothy Naftali- Cold War—the Soviet View

    Some of the Cold War’s hottest crises erupted during Nikita Khrushchev’s years of power (1955–1964) atop the Soviet Union. Access to hitherto unopened Politburo and Soviet intelligence documents enabled Russian historian Aleksandr...

  • MHQ Magazine

    Artists | Father Figure

    Created some 70 years after the moment it captured, Emanuel Leutze’s painting became the most iconic image of the American Revolution...

  • Military History Magazine

    Battlefield Blunders

    In the history of warfare, tactical missteps can separate conquering hero from blundering loser. Imagine how much longer and bloodier World War II might have been had Admiral Yamamoto not filled the decks of his vulnerable carriers at...

  • Military History Magazine

    Military History Book Review: Garibaldi

    Garibaldi: Invention of a Hero by Lucy Riall, Yale University Press, New Haven, Conn., 2007, $35. During the 1960s, it became the fashion among college students to display the image of the Argentine-born communist revolutionary Ernesto...

  • Military History Magazine

    Military History Book Review: To the Last Salute

    To the Last Salute: Memories of an Austrian U-Boat Commander by Georg von Trapp, University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, 2007, $21.95. This memoir was originally published in 1935, but unless you could master Bis zum letzten Flaggenschuss,...

  • Military History Magazine

    Black Jack Pershing

    From the Old West to the Western Front, from a troop of Buffalo Soldiers to a million doughboys, Pershing’s globe-circling career is a virtual history of the U.S. Army. He has all but faded from our collective memory: A terse,...