Published: September 17, 2007 at 3:37 pm
On Sept. 30, 331 BC, the fate of the Greek and Persian empires was decided on a plain 70 miles north of present-day Irbil, Iraq. Alexander the Great faced King Darius III, also called Darius Codomanus, in battle near the hamlet of Gaugamela.
Published: July 30, 2007 at 10:22 am
History's first great artillery barrage, in 1453, allowed Mehmed to capture Constantinople when all previous Ottoman attempts had failed. Ironically, his cannon were created by a Hungarian named Orban who had once been employed to defend the city.
Published: June 08, 2007 at 10:32 am
Scipio Africanus learned the art of war in the hardest and bloodiest of all forums—on the battlefield against Hannibal. At Zama, he applied his lessons, giving Rome victory in the Second Punic War.
Published: May 17, 2007 at 3:53 pm
Muhammad, the prophet of Islam, was also a truly great general. In the space of a single decade he fought eight major battles, led eighteen raids, and planned another thirty-eight military operations.
Published: May 17, 2007 at 3:52 pm
Caesar completely misread the situation in Gaul in 52 BC, leading to a military crisis. He overcame this failure through his own talent as a commander, the skill of his army, and a good deal of luck.
Published: May 03, 2007 at 11:33 am
Surrounded by some of England’s most beautiful scenery, the town of Dorchester is a pleasant step back in time.
Published: May 03, 2007 at 10:46 am
The transition from a citizen’s army to a very nearly mercenary one did not go smoothly. To many Romans, the same barbarians so admired for their military prowess were also the enemy.
Published: April 05, 2007 at 4:04 pm
Whoever controlled Chepstow controlled access to South Wales. Once protected by Chepstow Castle from invaders, today the town happily welcomes hoardes of tourists.
Published: January 17, 2007 at 2:41 pm
On June 9, 53 bc, hard-riding Parthian horse-archers from the Persian heartland lured a Roman infantry army into open country at Carrhae and surrounded it. Darting swiftly across the plains, the Parthians rained shield-piercing arrows onto the Roman lines. When …
Published: January 17, 2007 at 1:56 pm
Western democracy, culture and philosophy were on the line when the Greeks faced the Persians at Marathon. By Jason K. Foster
Published: September 05, 2006 at 12:35 pm
The phalanx dominated Greek warfare for three centuries, but fell before combined-arms forces. By Brian Todd Carey
Published: September 05, 2006 at 11:18 am
The trebuchet was the first war engine to employ the principles of gravity and leverage to hurl a projectile. Not until modern times did the cannon eclipse it.
Published: September 05, 2006 at 10:35 am
To deal with allies of his late rival Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus in North Africa, Gaius Julius Caesar came, he adapted and he conquered.By Jonas Goldstein
Published: September 05, 2006 at 10:15 am
The Carthaginian and Roman commanders Hannibal and Scipio both had a solid string of victories to their credit when they met in 202 bc. Only one of them would emerge victorious this time.By Daniel A. Fournie
Published: September 05, 2006 at 9:59 am
Christianity, Judaism and Islam exist today because of Assyrian warrior King Sennacherib's decision to strike a deal with besieged Jerusalem.By Philip Stern
Published: August 29, 2006 at 1:47 pm
A storm at sea set the stage for a siege, a naval battle and an island assault whose outcome astonished all of ancient Greece.By Richard M. Berthold