Jackie Robinson broke the "color line" in baseball, the first African American to play on an integrated major league team. He endured with dignity the racism of many fans and other players and opened major league ball for all black players.
"American Experience: The Abolitionists" is a compelling, 3-part series on the rise, fracturing, decline, resurgence and ultimate triumph of the movement to make all Americans free.
The USO observes its 70th birthday in 2011. Elaine Rogers, president and CEO of the USO of Metropolitan Washington, has been with the organization for half its existence. In an exclusive interview, she talks about how the USO has evolved.
After Apache warriors attacked a 10-man Army escort wagon headed for Fort Grant, Arizona Territory, the survivors, including an assistant surgeon, struggled to reach safety.
Following the 1864 Elm Creek Raid, Britt Johnson went in search of his family, taken captive by Kiowa and Comanche Raiders. His story would later inspire the book and movie The Searchers.
Just days after Fort Sumter, a pro-Confederate mob in Maryland turned ex-slave Nicholas Biddle into the war's first casualty.
An eruption in the nation's abolitionist capital nearly seven years before Fort Sumter foreshadowed the irreconcilable divide between North and South and the fracture to come.
By Chuck Leddy
William H. Carney's grit with the 54th Massachusetts at Fort Wagner earned him the distinction of being the first black soldier to receive the Medal of Honor.
Union officer Julian Bryant used every tool at his disposal -- including influential family connections -- to win equal rights and fair treatment for black Union troops.
The unlikely tamer of Colorado's wild Yankee Hill was 42-year-old black marshal Willie Kennard.
Slavery, threats of seccesion and other factors made America a tinderbox in 1857 -- all it needed was a match.
On a gunfire-swept slope near Richmond on September 29, 1864, USCT soldiers stood to the test and proved black men made good professional troops. Fourteen of them received the Medal of Honor for their bravery.
Dedicated Massachusetts abolitionist Silas Soule ironically gave his life for the red man, not the black.
After wending his way through the economic, political and moral quagmire of slavery, in his will -- his final and most symbolic message to the nation -- George Washington presented a blueprint for ending the 'Peculiar Institution.'
The African-American 92nd Infantry Division took on formidable German opposition in its push up the Italian boot.
A former slave and former chaplain for the black 24th infantry teamed up with a gifted black teacher named William Payne to create a colony of opportunity.