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Today in History: May 1

Posted By HistoryNet Staff On 6/12/2006 @ 8:05 pm In | No Comments

Today in History
May 1

408   Theodosius II succeeds to the throne of Constantinople.
1308   King Albert is murdered by his nephew John, because he refused his share of the Habsburg lands.
1486   Christopher Columbus convinces Queen Isabella to fund expedition to the West Indies.
1805   The state of Virginia passes a law requiring all freed slaves to leave the state, or risk either imprisonment or deportation.
1863   The Battle of Chancellorsville begins as Union Gen. Joe Hooker starts his three-pronged attack against Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee.
1867   Reconstruction in the South begins with black voter registration.
1877   President Ruthoford B. Hayes withdraws all Federal troops from the South, ending Reconstruction.
1898   The U.S. Navy under Dewey defeats the Spanish fleet at the Battle of Manila Bay in the Philippines.
1915   The luxury liner Lusitania leaves New York Harbor for a voyage to Europe.
1927   Adolf Hitler holds his first Nazi meeting in Berlin.
1931   The Empire State Building opens in New York.
1934   The Philippine legislature accepts a U.S. proposal for independence.
1937   President Franklin Roosevelt signs an act of neutrality, keeping the United States out of World War II.
1941   The film Citizen Kane–directed and starring Orson Welles–opens in New York.
1944   The Messerschmitt Me 262, the first combat jet, makes its first flight.
1945   Martin Bormann, private secretary to Adolf Hitler, escapes the Fuehrerbunker as the Red Army advances on Berlin.
1948   North Korea is established.
1950   Gwendolyn Brooks becomes the first African American to win the Pulitzer Prize for her book of poetry called Annie Allen.
1960   Francis Gary Powers' U-2 spy plane is shot down over Russia.
1961   Fidel Castro announces there will be no more elections in Cuba.
1968   In the second day of battle, U.S. Marines, with the support of naval fire, continue their attack on a North Vietnamese Division at Dai Do.
1970   Students from Kent State University riot in downtown Kent, Ohio, in protest of the American invasion of Cambodia.
1986   The Tass News Agency reports the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident.
2011   Osama Bin Laden is killed in Abbottabad Pakistan by US Navy SEALS in Operation Neptune Spear.

Born on May 1

1493   Phillippus Paracelsus, physician and alchemist.
1764   Benjamin Henry Latrobe, architect of the U.S. Capitol.
1769   Arthur Wellsley, Duke of Wellington.
1830   Mother (Mary Harris) Jones, reformer and labor organizer.
1839   Louis-Maire-Hilaire Bernigaud, French chemist, inventor of rayon.
1878   James Graham, inventor of the first naval aircraft-carrying ship and first man to film a total eclipse of the Sun.
1896   Mark Clark, American general during World War II.
1909   Kate Smith, singer.
1916   Glenn Ford, actor (The Blackboard Jungle).
1923   Joseph Heller, American author (Catch 22).
1924   Terry Southern, novelist and screenwriter (Dr. Strangelove, Easy Rider).
1940   Bobbie Ann Mason, American writer (Shiloh and Other Stories, In Country).

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