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Today in History: July 26

Posted By HistoryNet Staff On 6/12/2006 @ 8:01 pm In | No Comments

Today in History
July 26

657   Mu'awiyan defeats Caliph Ali in the Battle of Siffin in Mesopotamia.
1526   Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon and colonists leave Santo Domingo for Florida.
1529   Francisco Pizarro receives a royal warrant to "discover and conquer" Peru.
1758   British forces capture France's Fortress of Louisbourg after a seven-week siege.
1759   The French relinquish Fort Ticonderoga in New York to the British under General Jeffrey Amherst.
1775   The Continental Congress establishes a postal system for the colonies with Benjamin Franklin as the first postmaster general.
1790   An attempt at a counter-revolution in France is put down by the National Guard at Lyons.
1794   The French defeat an Austrian army at the Battle of Fleurus, France.
1830   King Charles X of France issues five ordinances limiting the political and civil rights of citizens.
1847   Liberia becomes the first African colony to become an independent state.
1848   The French army suppresses the Paris uprising.
1886   William Gladstone is replaced by Lord Salisbury as Prime Minister of England.
1918   Britain's top war ace, Edward Mannock [1], is shot down by ground fire on the Western Front.
1920   The 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified.
1948   In an Executive Order, President Harry Truman calls for the end of discrimination and segregation in the U.S. armed forces.
2005   The shuttle Discovery launches on mission STS-114, marking a return to space after the shuttle Columbia crash of 2003.

Born on July 26

1796   George Catlin, American artist and author.
1856   George Bernard Shaw, Irish playwright (Pygmalion, Heartbreak House, Major Barbara).
1875   Carl Jung, Swiss psychologist.
1893   George Grosz, German satiric artist.
1895   Gracie Allen, actress, wife and foil of George Burns.
1914   Erskine Hawkins, trumpeter.
1928   Stanley Kubrick, film director (Spartacus, 2001: A Space Odyssey).
1928   Bernice Rubens, Welsh novelist and filmmaker.
1943   Mick [Michael Phillip] Jagger, musician, member of the Rolling Stones.
1947   Alan Gordon [Big Al] Anderson, musician, songwriter, member of New Rhythm and Blues Quartet [NRBQ] and The Wildweeds.

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[1] Edward Mannock: http://www.historynet.com/edward-mick-mannock-world-war-i-raf-ace-pilot.htm

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