The 1844 U.S. presidential campaign between Whig Henry Clay and Democrat James Polk was largely decided in Polk’s favor because of the 62,000 votes received by third candidate James Birney representing this party.
Liberty which was an abolitionist party that split with the Anti-Slavery Society and abolitionists such as William Lloyd Garrison who advocated for verbal and written anti-slavery advocacy rather than running for political office. Birney was a strange mixture of beliefs. He was a slave owner until the 1830’s. He also split with Garrison on woman suffrage. Garrison favored it. Birney did not.
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