Robert the Bruce of Scotland decisively defeated the English at this battle, using a sheltron pike formation.
Bannockburn. Sheltron refers to a packed formation of troops, sometimes circular, sometimes in straight lines. In the 1314 battle, sheltron of Scottish pikemen confounded the English cavalry. The Scottish supposedly first used the sheltron at the Battle of Falkirk, 1298. These infantry successes against armored cavalry helped launch the so-called infantry revolution of the Late Middle Ages.
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