This city was known as Lutetia when invaded by Romans in the first century B.C.
The community situated on an island in the Seine River was known by the Romans in the first century B.C. as Lutetia. At the time, it was occupied by the Gallic tribe called Parisii. As the city grew into a Roman trading center, it came to be known as Paris. The Franks, led by Clovis, took Paris and made it their capital in 508. Under Charlemagne, the capital was moved to Aachen and Paris waned, raided repeatedly by Norsemen during the 9th and 10th centuries. When the count of Paris, Hugh Capet, became king of France in 987, the city emerged as the center of French political, cultural and religious life, once again becoming the capital. By 1300, Paris, with its population between 200,000 and 300,000, had grown into the largest city in the world.