Provide English support to American Revolutionaries
Selling of British defense documents to the Soviets
The overthrow of Queen Elizabeth I.
The goal of the Throckmorton Plot of 1583 was the overthrow of Queen Elizabeth I and the restoration of papal authority in England. Francis Throckmorton was the central figure in the conspiracy involving France and Spain, which called for a French invasion of England and the release from prison of Mary, Queen of Scots. Throckmorton, who was born in 1554, was arrested in November 1583 and made a full confession after being tortured on the rack. He was tried and then executed on July 20, 1584.