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Project Liberty Ship

By Guy Aceto 
Originally published on HistoryNet.com. Published Online: March 12, 2008 
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Tugboats gently nudge the John W. Brown out into the channel and then we're on our way, gliding out into the Chesapeake Bay at a little under our normal cruising speed of eleven knots. As we set out, a fireboat from the Baltimore Fire Department gives the Brown a traditional sendoff, shooting geysers of water skyward. We cruise past Fort McHenry and out under the Chesapeake Bay Bridge.

This is familiar territory for the old ship, which hails from Baltimore originally. It was the sixty-second Liberty ship built—in fifty-four days—at the Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard, and was launched on September 7, 1942. The John W. Brown made thirteen voyages until November 1946—spending much of its time in the Mediterranean, between ports in Italy, North Africa, and Southern France—emerging from wartime service largely unscathed. In 1946 it was loaned to the Board of Education of the City of New York as a floating high school, where it trained students for careers at sea until the school closed in 1982. The constant care it received during those years helped preserve the ship, making it an attractive candidate to the group of people who went on to form Project Liberty Ship for conversion into a museum. They had it towed to Baltimore in 1988, and restored it to operating condition within three years. Today's cruise is the seventy-fifth Living History Cruise the ship has made.

It's wonderfully calm and quiet aboard, but there is plenty to see and do if you'd like. The sound of 1940s music keeps the feel of the era alive, and "General MacArthur," escorted by his aide and a security policeman, roams the ship shaking hands and discussing details of the war. I hear someone ask him when he's going back to the Philippines and he is quite mum about revealing the date. Elsewhere, a pair of gentlemen seems to have truly become Bud Abbott and Lou Costello. They'll later perform their standup show on a stage in the hold, but on deck, they're continually in character and help complete the illusion. On this ship it's always late summer 1944.

The six-hour voyage is not entirely without incident. Just after lunch, the ship's gun crew seems to be expecting something, and eyes are searching the skies. Suddenly a Japanese "Val" dive-bomber roars into view. Fortunately, we seem to be in good hands. The gun crew is on the mark and a vintage navy Corsair fighter roars by in support, followed by a TBM Avenger torpedo bomber. The Japanese bomber (actually one of the reproductions built for the 1970 movie Tora! Tora! Tora!) never has a chance.

The ship has a small museum in the hold to benefit those less familiar with the history of Liberty ships. But as I spend the day in the company of people sporting nearly identical baseball caps that read "Merchant Marine—Combat Veteran," I realize that the most meaningful exhibits are all around me, in the stories and memories of the many veterans on board. I find myself standing along the rail next to one of these veterans, and mention how I thought the ship seemed pretty stable. He laughs and says, "The Chesapeake is a pond; you get her out in blue water and she'll roll a bit." I can tell by the way he looks at me he means more than just "a bit."

Beneath another of these caps, a man sits on a folding chair near the railing with his family, looking out to sea. I notice the ship's faux MacArthur step up, shake the veteran's hand, and sit down beside him. The image of these two men engrossed in conversation about the war stops me in my tracks, and I lean in as unobtrusively as I can to take their photo. What grabs me then is a simple truth and it's what makes the voyage today so memorable: while one of this pair is a complete fake, the moment is completely genuine.

When You Go

To make reservations, call 410-558-0164. For more information, including a map to the pier, visit Project Liberty Ship's website at liberty-ship.com. If you would like to tour the John W. Brown when it is in port, you may do so on Wednesdays and Saturdays, from 9:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m., while volunteer crew members are on board. Call Project Liberty Ship's office at 410-558-0646 to confirm that the ship is in port. The mailing address is Project Liberty Ship, PO Box 25846, Highlandtown Station, Baltimore, MD 21224-0546.

On the West Coast
Those who live nearer the west coast and are interested in sailing aboard a Liberty ship are in luck: the only other operational Liberty ship, the SS Jeremiah O'Brien, is located at Fisherman's Wharf in San Francisco and offers cruises from that location. Visit ssjeremiahobrien.org for more information, or call 415-544-0100.


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One Response to “Project Liberty Ship”


  1. 1
    Peggy Ward says:

    Would you please let me know about the special, shorter cruise for veterans on Veterans' Day? My husband served as a Captain in the USMC in Vietnam and then served as a U.S. Foreign Service Officer, completing his career as ambassador to Namibia. I think he would very much enjoy being a part of this if he/we qualify.



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