What If …
Published: March 04, 2013 at 2:15 pm
Some Reversals of fortune in World War II would have had huge consequences and yet make for uninteresting counterfactuals. The shifts in outcome are simply too obvious.
In the case of Operation Overlord, the June 1944 D-Day landings, an Allied …
Published: November 05, 2012 at 12:18 pm
On May 19, 1941, the German battleship Bismarck, accompanied by the cruiser Prinz Eugen and several escort vessels, made its way through the Kattegat Strait separating Nazi-occupied Denmark from neutral Sweden. The 50,000-ton warship's objective was to reach British …
Published: August 10, 2012 at 4:06 pm
Would Germany have set a peaceful course?
Published: June 08, 2012 at 4:32 pm
One of the classic "what ifs" of the Second World War centers on how—or if—the German invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941, code-named Operation Barbarossa, could have achieved a quick victory. Hitler certainly believed that it could. …
Published: April 23, 2012 at 10:51 am
On May 13, 1940, Winston Churchill addressed the House of Commons in his first speech as prime minister. "I would say to the House," he declaimed, "I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears, and sweat." He predicted …
Published: January 30, 2012 at 2:25 pm
Today the name Werner Heisenberg means little, even to highly educated people. But on the eve of World War II, he was a Nobel laureate with a reputation as possibly the world's greatest atomic physicist. So when the community …
Published: November 28, 2011 at 9:50 am
How a Nazi superweapon might have altered the course of the war
Published: October 05, 2011 at 8:30 am
On a mid-spring morning in 1943, 160,000 Allied troops storm ashore in Normandy to create the "Second Front" long desired by American strategists and long demanded by the Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin. In the days that follow, additional Allied …
Published: June 02, 2011 at 12:54 pm
In the earliest light of August 19, 1942, 6,080 Allied troops, most of them Canadian, attacked the Channel port of Dieppe, France. They had orders to hold the port for two tides—about 12 hours—before withdrawing. The assault began with landings …
Published: March 30, 2011 at 10:54 am
No number of errors in mobilization could have throttled the increase in U.S. production, but serious blunders were still possible.
Published: February 01, 2011 at 4:04 pm
How the Pacific War would change with an American victory.
Published: December 01, 2010 at 11:32 am
At the start of World War II, Singapore had symbolized the British Empire's presence in Southeast Asia for nearly a century. When its garrison surrendered to the Japanese on February 15, 1942, Prime Minister Winston Churchill called it the worst …
Published: September 30, 2010 at 10:11 am
If the Allies never cracked the Triton code, the Battle of the Atlantic would have been hard won.
Published: July 30, 2010 at 9:43 am
The Office of Strategic Services commissioned a psychological profile of Hitler to assess his likely future behavior. One likely course was that he would die a martyr; but what if he didn't die at all?
Published: June 01, 2010 at 12:30 pm
The wartime relationship between President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill is famous. Some have praised it as “the partnership that saved the west,” and even “a friendship that saved the world.” But what if this relationship had failed to develop?
Published: April 12, 2010 at 3:54 pm
As late as December 1942, Franco believed that Germany might offer territorial concessions and Spain would join the war on the side of the Axis Powers.