The Messerschmitt Bf 109 arrived in time to change the course of the air war during the Spanish Civil War and continually improved to become a top-notch German fighter during World War II. (Illustration by Adam Tooby. From "Air Vanguard No. 18 Messerschmitt Bf 109 A–D Series," by Robert Jackson © Osprey Publishing, Ltd.)

Messerschmitt Bf 109D-1

The Messerschmitt Bf 109 arrived in time to change the course of the air war during the Spanish Civil War
The Japanese Type 95 Ha-Go ("third issue") light tank, with upscaled armament and better speed than its predecessors, saw World War II service in Manchuria and the Pacific. (Image from New Vanguard No. 137 Japanese Tanks 1939–1945, by Steven J. Zaloga, © Osprey Publishing Ltd.; illustration by Peter Bull)

Type 95 Ha-Go Light Tank

The Japanese Ha-Go held its own early in World War II, though by war's end it would yield the field to stouter Allied tanks.
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Elco PT Boat: 80 Feet of Wood and Weaponry

Of the nearly 400 fast, light and heavily armed patrol boats Elco made for the U.S. Navy during World War II, a few achieved notoriety and one survives today as a museum ship.